Addiction Treatment

Amphetamine

Addiction treatment starts with recognizing that there is a problem. After you decide to do something about your amphetamine addiction, the next step is to get help and support. And if you have a loved one who you suspect is addicted to amphetamines, you are probably right. Fortunately, there is treatment for amphetamine addiction. Treatment programs generally use a combination of medical and therapeutic methods. These include: 

Medical Drug Detox And Withdrawal

Detox is considered the first step in treatment. For severe addictions, detox in a medically monitored detox center may be required. Some withdrawal symptoms can be intense and medical support can help you get through withdrawal successfully.

Addiction Counseling 

Treatment programs use behavioral therapy techniques through psychotherapy (talk therapy).Treatment programs use behavioral therapy techniques through psychotherapy (talk therapy). The goal is to help you explore your feelings and behaviors and how they relate to your amphetamine addiction. Common behavioral therapies include:

Frequently, family members are included in therapy sessions to help address the upheaval that addiction causes to the family members. Support from family and friends can help a person in recovery avoid relapse. Common psychotherapy approaches include:

  • Individual Therapy
  • Group Therapy
  • Family Therapy

Amphetamine Addiction Withdrawal Symptoms

When you try to stop using or cut back, your body and mind will have reactions called withdrawal symptoms which might include:

  • A strong craving for the drug
  • Mood swings that go from feeling depressed to agitated to anxious
  • Feeling tired all day
  • Unable to concentrate
  • Seeing or hearing things that aren’t there (hallucinations)
  • Physical symptoms that may include: headaches
    • Headaches
    • Aches and pains
    • Increased appetite
    • Trouble sleeping

Treating Amphetamine Withdrawal

No medication has been found to be effective for the treatment of amphetamine withdrawal or cravings. But medications that stabilize neurotransmission (when the brain cells pass messages to one another)  may relieve severe withdrawal symptoms.

After detox, you have technically recovered from the physical symptoms of addiction.Amphetamine Addiction Treatment Programs

After detox, you have technically recovered from the physical symptoms of addiction. But that’s just the first step in your recovery. The goal of detox is to prepare you for treatment. There are several types of common treatment programs.

Residential Treatment

In residential programs, you live at the treatment facility and receive round-the-clock medical supervision, free of distractions and triggers.

Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP)

A PHP is an intense outpatient program. You will spend your days at the treatment center but go home in the evenings. You will receive a high level of treatment and supervision while at the treatment center.

Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP)

IOPs offer a step down from the PHP. You will attend counseling sessions several days a week at the center for several hours a day. 

Outpatient Program (OP)

This level of care is the same as the IOP but with a lower time commitment. 

An amphetamine is classified as a stimulant drug that works in the central nervous system to increase certain types of brain activity. What Are Amphetamines?

An amphetamine is classified as a stimulant drug that works in the central nervous system to increase certain types of brain activity. This gives you a feeling of higher energy, focus, and confidence. Amphetamines can be prescribed by a doctor and used to treat health issues such as:

  • Narcolepsy
  • Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Obesity

An individual does not usually become addicted to prescription amphetamines when they are used at the right dosage for a medical condition. 

Common Prescription Amphetamines

  • Adderall: Commonly prescribed to treat ADD/ADHD
  • Dexedrine: Usually prescribed to treat ADHD and narcolepsy
  • Vyvanse: Prescribed to treat ADHD and binge-eating disorder

Common Illicit Amphetamines

Although these medications are commonly available with a prescription, they carry a significant risk for abuse. According to an article in StatPearls, amphetamine use is widespread and linked to significant effects on cardiovascular and neurological systems in overdose.

Over-The-Counter (OTC) “Amphetamines”

OTC medications are usually considered harmless. This includes OTC stimulants, even though there is documented evidence of medical and psychiatric harmfulness. These stimulants can be found in:

  • Appetite suppressants
  • Nasal decongestants
  • Bronchodilators (commonly used for asthma)
  • Energy pills

These products contain the ingredients ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, caffeine, and phenylpropanolamine (PPA). Toxic effects could result from overdose, drug interactions, or diseases that increase the body’s sensitivity to those ingredients.

The most important toxic effect of PPA is hypertension (high blood pressure). Severe hypertension can happen at less than three times the recommended dose. Ephedrine and pseudoephedrine can also cause hypertension and an increased heart rate. Toxic reactions from caffeine include hypotension (low blood pressure), seizures, and increased heart rate.

How Do Amphetamines Affect Your Brain?

Your brain is made up of neurons (nerve cells) that talk to each other by releasing chemicals called neurotransmitters. Amphetamines make use of their influence on a group of key brain neurotransmitters (norepinephrine and dopamine) that are associated with:

  • Attention
  • Alertness
  • Blood flow
  • Reward
  • Motor control and motivation

Amphetamines increase the effects of these chemicals in the body and brain. The related increase in the activity of these neurotransmitters can bring on a feeling of euphoria and a rewarding feeling that motivates continued use.

Amphetamine Addiction

Addiction happens when you use amphetamines to get high or improve performance in activities, school, or work, etc.  Eventually, your body and mind are dependent on the drug and you can’t control your use.  You find that you need it to get through daily life. Addiction leads to tolerance. Tolerance means that you need more and more of the drug to get the same effect you had at the start of your use. 

5 Signs You (or a loved one) May Be Addicted to Amphetamines

1. Off-label Use

Off-label use means that you are using a prescription in a way that was not prescribed by your medical provider.

Off-label use means that you are using a prescription in a way that was not prescribed by your medical provider. Swallowing amphetamine pills can cause a mild high but crushing and snorting them gives a stronger high more quickly. Some people dissolve the powder in water and inject it. This method gets the drug into the bloodstream and the brain almost immediately, increasing an intense high. A level of abuse this high can lead to more severe use of the drug to get high.

2. Memory Loss

A 2020 study published in Molecular Psychiatry found that long-term amphetamine abuse can impair short- and long-term memory.

3.Changes in Metabolism

Drugs that contain amphetamine, such as Adderall, can curb your appetite and make your body burn up calories faster than normal. Abuse of these medications can lead to weight changes as well. 

4. Increased Anxiety And Insomnia

A study published in Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry in 2020 found that anxiety sensitivity was more common in amphetamine users than people who don’t use amphetamines. This increased anxiety can lead to insomnia. Because it speeds you up, amphetamine can cause a jumpy, jittery appearance but between uses or when coming down from it, the person may appear completely opposite because of drug withdrawal.

5. Changes In Close Relationships

The American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy has said that substance abuse, including addiction to amphetamines, can have serious negative consequences on personal relationships. If you have a substance use disorder (SUD) you may find yourself missing important family or social events. This can hurt those who count on your support. In addition, you might also unintentionally cause people who trust you to enable your addiction.

Signs of Amphetamine Overdose

Amphetamine overdose symptoms generally occur in two phases. First, the symptoms involve overstimulation of the body functions such as:

  • Increased blood pressure and body temperature
  • Restlessness and agitation
  • Abnormal muscle contractions
  • Shakiness
  • Panic
  • Hallucinations
  • Aggression
  • Extreme anxiety
  • Blurred vision

This is followed in a few hours by a depressive phase. Symptoms include:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Depression
  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea and vomiting

Treating An Amphetamine Overdose 

Death related to amphetamine overdose is relatively rare, however, the rates of overdose deaths from amphetamines such as Adderall (prescription), methamphetamine (illicit), and Ecstasy (illicit) have been increasing. 

Without having emergency medical treatment, a person might have a complication related to an overdose and even death. Death from amphetamine overdose is more likely when the person takes other drugs with the amphetamine. Symptoms of amphetamine overdose include:

  • Trauma
  • Compromised airway
  • Seizures
  • Cardiac dysrhythmias (abnormal or irregular heart rate)

Restraints

Patients who have overdosed on amphetamines will need chemical and physical restrictions to prevent harm to themselves or others because people overdosing on amphetamines can be hostile with severe paranoia.

Medications

  • Benzodiazepines for sedation and to control seizures
  • Activated charcoal (if the patient is conscious) to reduce amphetamine absorption into the digestive tract
  • Medications to reduce/control heart rate
  • Fluids to prevent dehydration

Treatment For Amphetamine Addiction At Grace Land Recovery

If you or someone close to you is struggling with amphetamine addiction, Grace Land is all you need for a successful recovery.If you or someone close to you is struggling with amphetamine addiction, Grace Land is all you need for a successful recovery. Our staff is experienced in the treatment of many types of addiction. We use evidence-based treatments designed and proven to get you on your way to long-term recovery. 

We can provide you a detox center with medical support to help ease the symptoms of withdrawal along with three levels of outpatient care, relapse prevention training, and case management, to help you succeed in treatment and afterward.

Don’t let addiction get the best of you. Don’t let it run your life. Take control before it’s too late and contact us today. We are available to answer your questions 24 hours a day. Or come and visit us in beautiful Memphis TN.

References:

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/book

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/article

Do not hesitate to contact me!

Individual, Couples and Family Counseling.

To learn more about our facility, feel free to contact us anytime. Our phone lines are open 24/7 just to take any calls that come our way. At Grace Land Recovery Center, we always put the needs of our patients first. Therefore, you can rest assured that you’re in compassionate and caring hands when receiving care at our treatment center. So what are you waiting for? Contact us and begin your journey to achieving sobriety today!

Call us today. 615-785-1137

Contact Us

For Assistance to Emergency Addiction Issues or Answers to Inquiries, Contact Us

Grace Land Recovery Center is a dual diagnosis treatment center located in the Memphis, Tennessee area. Our address is 134 Timber Creek Drive Cordova, Tennessee 38018. To visit our treatment center during business hours, feel free to stop by anytime Monday-Friday, 9 a.m.- 5 p.m. You can also contact us over the phone at 615-785-1137.

Our phone lines are open 24/7 just so that we can receive any important calls that come our way. If we happen to miss your call, we’ll make sure to try to call you back immediately. Another way that you can get in contact with us here at Grace Land Recovery Center is through email; you can message us at info@gracelandrecovery.com. You can also get in contact with someone at our facility by emailing jim.h@gracelandrecovery.com.

    Dcroll Top