Users of cocaine may have high energy or be unusually sexually excited. Other symptoms include increased anxiety or irritability, restlessness, and paranoia. Secretive behavior can also indicate a cocaine problem because drug users tend to hide their habits. As cocaine addiction deepens, users will often abandon people and relationships they once held dear. Such individuals need to attend cocaine detox for cocaine withdrawal followed by cocaine addiction treatment.
Visual clues that may indicate cocaine use include traces of white powder around the nose and a deterioration in physical appearance. Other indicators of cocaine use include dilated pupils and light sensitivity, runny noses, and nosebleeds.
Individuals that inject cocaine into their bodies can have visible needle marks on the arms, hands, legs, or feet. Discarded syringes are also an obvious clue of cocaine injections.
As cocaine is highly addictive, it’s essential to recognize the signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction. Identifying cocaine addiction early is one of the best ways to get people the help that they need. Common signs of cocaine addiction include mood swings, especially feelings of excitement or confidence.
Cocaine is a powerful and addictive stimulant drug. It comes from the coca plant, also known as Erythroxylon coca, which is native to South America. Indigenous peoples there used cocaine for more than a thousand years for medicinal purposes. Eventually, Western medicine took notice and began using the plant as well. Famously, cocaine was even an ingredient in early formulas for Coca-Cola® beverages.
Visually, cocaine looks like fine white powder or rocks. People primarily use cocaine as a recreational drug and snort, inhale, or inject it. When found on the street, dealers often “cut” cocaine with other substances like baking soda, sugar, talcum powder, anesthetics, or even other drugs. Dealers do this to make more profit. Combining drugs is potentially dangerous because the user is not aware of the additions and can easily overdose.
Cocaine is a Schedule II drug, which means doctors can use it for legitimate reasons, including local anesthesia. However, it also is subject to abuse and becomes addictive. In fact, it’s one of the most often used illegal drugs.
Cocaine is highly addictive because of the way it works in the brain. Like some legal drugs, it inhibits the reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. This inhibition leads to euphoric sensations. Therefore, even with little cocaine use, there can be a high risk of dependence. Common street names for cocaine include coke, crack, snow, powder, or blow.
Common cocaine withdrawal symptoms include agitation, exhaustion, depression, unpleasant dreams, difficulty concentrating, or restlessness. Most of the time, cocaine withdrawal symptoms aren’t physical like those associated with other drug withdrawals. Usually, the symptoms are psychological.
Cocaine withdrawal begins when a dependent user suddenly stops or dramatically decreases the use of the drug. The symptoms and severity of withdrawal depend on many factors. The longer someone has used cocaine, and the amount they used will impact the withdrawal process.
The brain of someone suffering from cocaine addiction becomes dependent upon the drug to function normally. Therefore, any decrease in the brain’s expected level of cocaine use will lead to withdrawal, not just a complete stop.
The first step in the cocaine detox timeline is when a dependent user decides to start the detox process. Signs of cocaine withdrawal begin as soon as a few hours after the last time of use. The actual symptoms usually aren’t that severe, but the cravings can feel extreme.
The exact timeline of cocaine withdrawal due to detox is different for everyone, depending on the duration of use, the severity of the addiction, and other factors. Younger people often experience easier withdrawals than older people. The longer the time that someone has used cocaine, the greater the intensity.
The individual’s method of use can also impact the length and severity of withdrawal symptoms. If the patient abused other drugs in conjunction with cocaine then he or she will more likely experience more intense symptoms. Besides all that, everything from weight and the body’s metabolic rate can also influence detox.
Generally speaking, the first day or two of cocaine detox are the worst. Common withdrawal symptoms are irritability, restlessness, hunger, exhaustion, and depression.
After the second day of cocaine detox, the withdrawal symptoms peak and then begin to subside over the next week. Nonetheless, people can experience cocaine cravings ranging from mild to extreme.
Emotions can be drastic as users deal with the effects of the drug leaving the system. Suicidal thoughts are not uncommon.
By the end of the second week of cocaine detox, the drug can be completely gone from the body. For shorter-term users, cocaine can be gone from the body in less than a week. Severe addictions could cause cocaine detox to occur for multiple weeks.
In the months that follow cocaine detox, people are likely to experience bouts of intense cravings for the drug. Depending on how severe the addiction was, depression may also continue to be an issue. After six months, the cravings should substantially drop off though, and the brain will slowly return to normal function.
Because of the addictive nature of cocaine and the challenges of cocaine withdrawal, one of the best ways to detox from the substance is under professional medical care. People can attempt cocaine detox without assistance, but trained medical professionals can provide helpful support.
There are also withdrawal medications that doctors can prescribe to individuals in cocaine detox and addiction treatment to help them restore normal brain function. Medical cocaine detox can provide a safe and supportive environment for the withdrawal process.
After detox, cocaine cravings don’t simply disappear, especially for people that suffer from longer-term cocaine addictions. In fact, cocaine cravings can be intense and long-lasting.
The cocaine detox process is just the beginning of the recovery process. Therefore, ongoing cocaine addiction treatment is very beneficial to the long-term health and wellbeing of people in cocaine addiction recovery. The circumstances in life that lead people to cocaine addiction don’t disappear. The same pressures of work, relationships, and society still exist.
There are no medications specifically for the ongoing treatment of cocaine withdrawal. Therefore, treatment for cocaine addiction will focus on creating a safe environment while minimizing symptoms. Rehabilitation cocaine addiction treatment can take place in various settings, including both inpatient and outpatient.
Outpatient programs are best for those with robust support systems and lower risks. Patients don’t stay overnight at these facilities. They only come during scheduled times to receive cocaine addiction treatment and therapy. Otherwise, people can continue going to work or school while getting the help that they need.
Inpatient cocaine addiction treatment programs are best for those who are high risk as they offer 24-hour supervision. People with severe psychological reactions to detox are also great candidates for inpatient programs. Patients without major life responsibilities or a home life conducive toward recovery find success with these programs as well. Inpatient cocaine addiction treatment programs might be available at hospitals or other venues.
Ongoing treatment is usually necessary for successful long-term recovery. Longer-term therapies include cognitive behavioral therapy, family therapy, motivational interviewing, and contingency management.
Cognitive behavioral therapy helps people identify triggers that lead to drug use. Through cognitive behavioral therapy, people learn what situations might cause them to relapse. Cocaine addiction treatment providers teach strategies to prevent relapse from occurring.
This form of therapy focuses on the person suffering from cocaine addiction and his or her immediate family members. Family therapy teaches positive health behaviors for all members of the family.
Motivational interviewing is a technique that helps people with motivational change. Ultimately, people must be motivated to abstain from cocaine. Thus, this form of therapy helps coach people on the motivational aspects of recovery.
Contingency management focuses on incentives for positive behaviors. While in contingency management, therapists give people tasks to complete in the path to recovery. As the patients complete the tasks, they earn rewards.
Aftercare therapy is a critical aspect of cocaine addiction treatment to help people with long-term success. Support groups that provide community and support can help with ongoing recovery during aftercare treatment. People can find all kinds of therapists for tailored counseling as well during aftercare treatment.
Other long-term cocaine addiction treatment options are appropriate for some cases. There are sober living homes that provide housing for patients. While medical professionals don’t usually manage sober living facilities, these facilities do have strict rules about no drugs in the homes.
For those patients who are willing to pay for it, there are luxury and private treatment facilities that offer long-term rehabilitation services. These programs often provide holistic care and many of the comforts of home.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that can have serious, life-long consequences. Cocaine affects the brain and how it experiences emotions. The good news is that recovery is possible.
Cocaine detox is a vital first step toward life-long recovery. But rehabilitation doesn’t stop there. The risk and possibility of relapse are real. People struggling with cocaine addiction continue to experience intense cravings months and even years later. The best way to ensure long-term success is to take advantage of cocaine addiction treatment after detox at a high-quality treatment center like that of Grace Land Recovery in the Memphis, Tennessee area.
If you or someone you know is addicted to cocaine, we can help. Recovery is possible. Contact us today to learn about our rehabilitation facilities and services.
To learn more about our facility, feel free to contact us anytime. Our phone lines are open 24/7 just to take any calls that come our way. At Grace Land Recovery Center, we always put the needs of our patients first. Therefore, you can rest assured that you’re in compassionate and caring hands when receiving care at our treatment center. So what are you waiting for? Contact us and begin your journey to achieving sobriety today!Call us today. 615-785-1137
Grace Land Recovery Center is a dual diagnosis treatment center located in the Memphis, Tennessee area. Our address is 134 Timber Creek Drive Cordova, Tennessee 38018. To visit our treatment center during business hours, feel free to stop by anytime Monday-Friday, 9 a.m.- 5 p.m. You can also contact us over the phone at 615-785-1137. Our phone lines are open 24/7 just so that we can receive any important calls that come our way. If we happen to miss your call, we’ll make sure to try to call you back immediately. Another way that you can get in contact with us here at Grace Land Recovery Center is through email; you can message us at firstname.lastname@example.org. You can also get in contact with someone at our facility by emailing email@example.com.